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What is Interview: Meaning, Types and Formats

Updated: Dec 25, 2023

Interview: Meaning, Types and Formats
Interview: Meaning, Types and Formats

1. Meaning of Interview:

An interview is a formal or structured conversation between two or more people, typically for the purpose of evaluating the suitability of a candidate for a job or assessing their qualifications, skills, and experience. Interviews are commonly used in the hiring process but can also be conducted fo

r various purposes such as research, journalism, or information gathering.

2. Types of Interviews:

- Structured Interviews: These interviews follow a predetermined set of questions and are usually conducted in a formal manner. This ensures consistency in the evaluation process as all candidates are asked the

same questions.

- Unstructured Interviews: In contrast to structured interviews, unstructured interviews are more conversational and flexible. The interviewer may ask different questions based on the candidate's responses, allowing for a more natural flow of conversation.

- Behavioral Interviews: This type of interview focuses on the candidate's past behavior and experiences to predict future performance. Candidates are asked to provide specific examples of how they handled situations in the past.

- Panel Interviews: In a panel interview, a candidate is interviewed by a group of interviewers, often representing different departments or levels within the organization. This format allows for multiple perspectives on the candidate.

- Phone or Video Interviews: With advancements in technology, interviews can be conducted over the phone or through video conferencing. This is particularly common for initial screening interviews, especially in r

emote or global hiring processes.

- Case Interviews: Common in consulting and analytical roles, case interviews involve presenting a candidate with a real or hypothetical business problem to solve. The interviewer assesses the candidate's problem-solving abilities and analytical skills.

- Group Interviews: Multiple candidates are interviewed simultaneously. This format allows the interviewers to observe how candidates interact with each other and assess teamwork and communication skills.

3. Interview Formats:

- One-on-One Interviews: The most common format, where a single interviewer interacts with a candidate. This format is often used in both initial screenings and final interviews.

- Sequential Interviews: In sequential intervi

ews, a candidate meets with several interviewers one after the other. Each interviewer assesses different aspects of the candidate's qualifications.

- Stress Interviews: Designed to put the candidate under pressure to evaluate how they handle stress. This may involve rapid-fire questioning or challenging scenarios.

- Virtual Interviews: Conducted remotely through video conferencing tools, virtual interviews have become more prevalent, especially in situations where in-person meetings are not feasible.

Understanding the different types and formats of interviews can help candidates better prepare for specific scenarios and tailor their responses to the expectations of the hiring process.

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